The first training-block of School for Sustainable Development 2021
As a part of the project “SUSTINEO – Through collaboration, participation, research and education to sustainability”, the first training-block of School for Sustainable Development 2021 was held in Zagreb on March 31st and April 1st, 2021. 25 participants were introduced to the principles of sustainable development and solutions for a sustainable future in relation to climate change.
On the first day of the training, Elizabet Gašparov from ODRAZ introduced the purpose, goals and activities of the project. After that, ODRAZ director, Lidija Pavić-Rogošić presented the concept and principles of sustainable development and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
After the theoretical part, participants formed five groups. In three of them participants had to explain the role of each sector (public, civil or business) in the sustainable development of the local community. In the remaining two groups they had to choose which three goals of SDGs are the most important for Croatia.
The group, which clarified the role of the civil sector, emphasized active involvement of citizens in local decision-making by encouraging their participation, the importance of education about sustainable development and learning about activities and examples of good practice, while the public sector group considered that transparent information and appropriate infrastructure contributes to inclusion in sustainable development. The business sector group emphasizes socially responsible businesses and the use of local community resources in business as well as local green procurement as a basis for attitude changing, environmental protection and sustainable development.
Connected to SDGs, the goal 4. Quality education is pointed out as the most pertinent due to early involvement and encouraging children to understand sustainable development and to do appropriate activities for sustainable development because “children are the future”. The goal 8 also stands for decent work and economic growth as a bridge to employment inequality, while the development of private entrepreneurship and economic growth are considered positive trends. The goal 10. Reduces inequalities was highlighted due to the need for decentralization in Croatia and reduced availability of certain services and functions to citizens, but positive trend is reflected in rural development, the implementation of education and raising awareness of the need for equality. Participants considered the goals 16. Peace, justice and strong institutions and 17. Partnerships for the goals related and important as a precondition for achieving other goals.
Sanela Mikulčić from KLIK Križevci told the participants about an example of good practice. The energy transition of the city to the climate neutral is realized also by the involvement of citizens in Križevci. Encouraging cooperation and helping in project applications, energy consulting, encouraging energy efficiency measures and the use of renewable energy sources encourages energy transformation and climate resilience of the city with the help of KLIK. Also, citizens can participate in several initiatives such as Living Streets or Clean forest, clean your mind.
The second day began with a presentation on climate change and solutions for a sustainable future given by Marko Stančec from ODRAZ. With the help of the EN-ROADS Climate Simulator, the groups had the opportunity to develop climate action scenarios depending on whether they represented clean technology, conventional energy, climate justice fighters or developed countries.
The clean technology group represented clean technology investors, scientists and experts in developed industries representing clean technology. By high taxation of non-renewable energy sources, by encouraging and co-financing renewable and New-zero carbon technologies, then electrification and energy efficiency of transport, industry and construction, the group achieved a scenario of temperature rise to +1.7 ° C by 2100 using the same amount of energy. Mitigating deforestation and development of new carbon capture technologies was also emphasized.
The second group highlighted the great presence of conventional energy sources in everyday life as well as the investments in infrastructure and education that are provided by conventional energy representatives. Although the group did not achieve a significant mitigation of temperature rise by 2100 in the scenario, they pointed out that they advocate afforestation and reduction of deforestation as well as the development of technology for carbon capture.
Climate change fighters have limited warming to +1.6 ° C in the observed period. The scenario, like the first group, foresaw the taxation of fossil fuels and a slight increase in the price of carbon, while strongly encouraging the use of renewable energy sources. The need to reducing deforestation and strong but selective afforestation was also pointed out as well as reducing the carbon footprint. The importance of appropriate education, originating self-awareness and the changes encouraged by individuals were also stressed out by this group.
Representing the developed countries, the fourth group stressed the importance of investing in R&D and sustainable animal husbandry. They also mentioned the development of programs and financial support for underdeveloped countries with the establishment of appropriate legal frameworks. By reducing deforestation and increasing the use of renewable energy sources and increasing the energy efficiency of transport, industry and construction, the group achieved the mitigation of temperature rise by the end of the current century.
After the discussion, it was concluded that the joint and prompt action of all mentioned actors should address the climate crisis and its mitigation, starting with individuals who can be an example to each other, making a small step in the fight for a sustainable future.
Read more about the SUSTINEO project here: https://www.odraz.hr/projects/all-projects/sustineo-through-collaboration-participation-research-and-education-to-sustainability/?lang=en