EESC adopts information report on Sustainable Development in the Mediterranean region prepared by ODRAZ director
At the EESC plenary session held in Bruxelles on 27th and 28th of January 2021, ODRAZ director Lidija Pavić-Rogošić presented information report on sustainable development in the Mediterranean region.
Draft of the report is prepared as a base for EURMED summmit disscussion, held on 26th November 2020., which brings together representatives of civil society and social partners every year. Namely, the EESC committee for monitoring situation in Mediterranean region has decided to dedicate itself in 2020 to monitor sustainable development issues.
The purpose of this document is:
Analyse situation regarding achievement of sustainable development in the Mediterranean and encourage joint analysis and discussion, explore the necessary measures and possibilities for cooperation between Mediterranean countries, taking into account the effects of COVID-19, which was done during the summit.
After consultations with cooperatives from South Mediterranean, it was decided to put emphasis on environmental sustainability, social sustainability and good governance. Also, the focus is on sustainable development goals and the impact of the pandemic. In the environmental field, it was decided to focus on climate changes, which are multi-layered and far-reaching (Mediterranean region is and will continue to be affected with climate changes).
South Mediterranean countries lag behing in achieving sustainable development goals. There are positive trends in several sustainable development goals throughout the region. There are some good practices in some countries.
Mediterranean region is very diverse. Investing in human capital is key to the sustainable development of countries. Such investments contribute to stability, security and peace, which are main precondition for sustainable development, as set out in sustainable development Goal no.16 (peace, justice and strong intitutions). Youth education and qualification are big challenge and a poweful instrument for combating divisions and preventing radicalization. Equal rights and opportunities should be guaranteed as a contribution to inclusive development and equal access to the labour market. Poverty triggered by COVID-19 pandemia is an addition with still unclear impact to development.
Transition to low-carbonate energy and resource efficient economy could be significant impact on the climate, and will be useful for health, education, gender aspect and deforestation. Therefore, there is a need for a fair transition that takes into account the social impact to the low-carbonate economy on workers and communities. EESC emphasies the importance of iniciating entrepreneurial thinking and digital skills. That should include joint effort, companies, nacional governments and a range of stakeholders. The economic crisis caused by COVID-19 desease has shown the importance of local manufacture on which society can rely.
Streghtening the management of relevant policies and also streghtening their development have the important role in achieving many sustainable development goals. The implementation of the 2030 Agenda requres an integrated approach, not the efforts for achieving one goal at the time.
The 2030 Agenda is universal, common responibility that spans all levels. In order to adress policy challenges in a complex and interdependent world, policy cosistency will be the important element in reconciling and implementing economic, social and environmental transformation, needen to achieve sustainable development goals.
Integrated and coherent politics supported by strong institutional mechanisms can contribute to the transformation towards sustainable societies.